What is an Obsession?

Obsession is an excessive preoccupation or fixation with a particular idea, object, or person that persists despite rational evidence to the contrary and often interferes with a person’s everyday life and relationships. It can be characterized by persistent thoughts, impulses, or images experienced as intrusive and inappropriate, leading to distress. In the context of addiction, obsession refers to an intense and persistent craving or fixation for a particular substance or behavior, to the point that it becomes the primary focus of a person’s thoughts, emotions, and actions. This type of obsession can lead to compulsive use or engagement in the addictive behavior, even in the face of negative consequences and despite attempts to quit. It can also create a cycle of addiction where the person cannot break free from the substance or behavior and experiences increasing levels of distress and impairment.

What is Off-Label Use?

Off-label use refers to using a medication or medical device for a purpose other than what it has been approved for by regulatory agencies. This means that the medication or device has not been specifically tested or approved for the particular use or condition being treated but is being prescribed or used based on medical judgment and anecdotal evidence. Off-label use is legal and common in medical practice, especially for treatments where there may be limited options or the approved options are ineffective. However, it may also carry potential risks and uncertainties as the safety and efficacy of the medication or device for off-label use may need to be better established. In the context of addiction treatment, off-label use refers to the use of medications that have not been specifically approved by regulatory agencies for the treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs) but are prescribed based on medical judgment and anecdotal evidence. This may include the use of medications such as antipsychotics, anticonvulsants, and other types of drugs that have been approved for other medical conditions but have shown promise in the treatment of SUDs, such as alcoholism, opioid use disorder, and others. Off-label use of medications in addiction treatment is common and may provide additional options for patients who are not responding to approved treatments. However, the safety and efficacy of these medications for the treatment of SUDs may not be well established and may carry potential risks.

What is an Opiate?

An opiate is a drug derived from the opium poppy plant and is used to relieve pain and induce sleep. Opiates include natural substances such as morphine and codeine and synthetic compounds such as fentanyl. They bind to specific receptors in the central nervous system, leading to pain perception, mood, and consciousness changes. Opiates are commonly used in medicine as pain relievers and are prescribed for various types of pain, including acute pain, chronic pain, and cancer-related pain. However, they can also be highly addictive and have a high potential for abuse and overdose, especially when taken in high doses or used for non-medical purposes.

What is an Opioid Treatment Program (OTP)?

An Opioid Treatment Program (OTP) is a comprehensive program that provides medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for individuals with opioid use disorders (OUDs). OTPs are designed to help people with OUDs overcome their addiction and achieve recovery. They typically offer various services, including medical evaluation, medication management, individual and group counseling, and case management. The primary medication used in OTPs is methadone, a long-acting opioid agonist that reduces withdrawal symptoms, reduces cravings, and blocks the effects of other opioids. Buprenorphine and naltrexone are also sometimes used in OTPs, depending on the patient’s needs and preferences. OTPs must meet specific standards for quality, safety, and patient care. They play an important role in addressing the opioid epidemic and helping people with OUDs achieve long-term recovery.

What are Opioid Use Disorders?

Opioid Use Disorders (OUDs) refer to a pattern of problematic use of opioids leading to significant impairment or distress. This can include physical, psychological, and social symptoms such as tolerance, withdrawal, continued use despite harm, cravings, and interference with important activities. OUDs can range from mild to severe and are caused by many factors, including genetic predisposition, environmental stressors, and the availability of opioids.  OUDs are a significant public health concern and can lead to serious consequences such as overdose, infectious disease transmission, and decreased quality of life. Effective treatments for OUDs include medication-assisted treatment (MAT), behavioral therapies, and support from family, friends, and healthcare providers. The goal of treatment is to help individuals achieve sustained recovery, improve their health and functioning, and reduce the negative impacts of opioid use on their lives and communities.

What are Opioids?

Opioids are drugs that are used to relieve pain. They include natural opiates, such as morphine and codeine, and synthetic compounds, such as fentanyl and oxycodone. Opioids bind to certain receptors found in the body and reduce the perception of pain and also produce feelings of pleasure and euphoria. These drugs are commonly prescribed for treating moderate to severe pain and various conditions, such as cancer pain, injury-related pain, and chronic pain. However, opioids can also be highly addictive and have a high potential for abuse and overdose, especially when taken in high doses or used for non-medical purposes.

What is Opium?

Opium is a naturally occurring narcotic that is derived from the seed pods of the opium poppy plant. It is a highly addictive and has been used for thousands of years to relieve pain and create euphoric effects. Opium is the source material for many commonly used opioids, such as morphine and codeine. However, it is also a highly addictive substance and has a high risk for abuse and overdose, especially when taken in large doses or used for non-medical purposes. The production and sale of opium are regulated by international law, and its use is restricted in many countries due to its highly addictive and potentially harmful nature.

What are Outcome Surveys?

Outcome surveys are tools used to evaluate the effectiveness of addiction treatment programs and to gather information about the experiences and outcomes of individuals in recovery. There are several different types of outcome surveys, including: Outcome surveys are often used as part of an ongoing treatment evaluation and quality improvement process. The results are used to inform program design, evaluate treatment effectiveness, and track progress over time. By gathering information about the experiences and outcomes of individuals in recovery, outcome surveys can help addiction treatment programs to identify areas for improvement and to develop evidence-based approaches to care.  Overall, outcome surveys are an important tool in addiction treatment, as they provide valuable information about the experiences and outcomes of individuals in recovery and can help to develop effective and individualized treatment strategies.

What are Over-the-Counter Drugs?

Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are drugs that do not need a prescription to be purchased. These drugs are considered safe and effective for self-medication and are often used to treat common health conditions such as headaches, colds, and mild pain. OTC drugs are available in eclectic forms, including pills, liquids, and topical formulations, and are sold in retail stores and online. They are regulated by governmental agencies such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and must meet specific standards for safety, quality, and efficacy. While OTC drugs can relieve many common conditions, it is important to read the labels carefully and follow the instructions to avoid potential adverse effects or interactions with other medications. Sometimes, a healthcare provider should be consulted before using an OTC drug, especially for more serious or persistent conditions.

What is Oxycodone?

Oxycodone is a synthetic opioid pain medication used to treat moderate to severe pain which works by binding to receptors in the brain and spinal cord, decreasing pain perception and producing feelings of pleasure and euphoria. Oxycodone is available in various forms, including pills, liquids, and extended-release formulations, and is often prescribed after surgery, injury, or for chronic pain conditions. However, oxycodone is also highly addictive and has a high potential for abuse and overdose, especially when taken in large doses or used for non-medical purposes. Misuse of oxycodone and other opioids has contributed to the opioid epidemic in the United States, with many people becoming addicted and suffering from an overdose, death, and other serious consequences of opioid abuse.