Depression is persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest in activities. Depression is a common comorbidity in individuals with addiction, and substance abuse can increase the risk for depression or worsen symptoms. Conversely, individuals with depression may turn to drugs or alcohol as a form of self-medication, leading to a cycle of substance abuse and depression.
The relationship between depression and addiction is complex; each condition can worsen the other. The presence of depression in individuals with addiction often requires a comprehensive and integrated approach to treatment, addressing both substance use and the underlying mood disorder. Treatment for depression in individuals with addiction may include medication, psychotherapy, and support from peer and family-based recovery programs.