The disease model of addiction is a perspective that views addiction as a chronic, progressive illness that affects both the brain and behavior. The disease model proposes that addiction results from biological, psychological, and environmental factors and are characterized by compulsive drug use. This model views addiction as a treatable condition and emphasizes the need for professional medical treatment and ongoing management.
Under the disease model, addiction is seen as a complex disorder that involves changes in the brain’s reward system and structural and functional alterations in the brain’s neural networks. It also recognizes that addiction has a genetic component and that certain individuals may be predisposed to developing an addiction. The disease model also acknowledges that addiction can significantly impact an individual’s overall health and well-being, as well as their relationships, work, and social life.
The medical and scientific communities widely accept the disease model of addiction, and it has helped to destigmatize addiction and increase access to evidence-based treatment. This model has also influenced the development of various addiction treatment programs and has led to improved outcomes for individuals seeking help for substance abuse.