Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a group of conditions that can result from prenatal exposure to alcohol. FASD is a term used to describe a range of conditions that can range from mild to severe, including Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND), and Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD).
The effects of FASD can vary widely and can include physical abnormalities, such as growth deficiencies and facial abnormalities, as well as intellectual and developmental disabilities, behavioral and emotional problems, and difficulties with attention and memory. The severity of FASD can range from mild to severe, and the effects of FASD can persist throughout an individual’s lifetime.
FASD is a leading cause of preventable birth defects and developmental disabilities, and it is estimated to affect 1 in 100 live births globally. There is no cure for FASD, but early detection, support, and intervention can help improve outcomes for affected individuals. It is important to note that no amount of alcohol is safe during pregnancy and that avoiding alcohol during pregnancy is the best way to prevent FASD.