Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) affects individuals who are exposed to alcohol during pregnancy. FAS is a type of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), a group of conditions that can result from prenatal alcohol exposure. Individuals with FAS may have a range of physical and cognitive abnormalities, including growth deficiencies, facial abnormalities, intellectual and developmental disabilities, and behavioral and emotional problems.
FAS is a leading cause of preventable congenital and developmental disabilities, and it is estimated to affect 1 in 100 live births globally. There is no cure for FAS, but early detection, support, and intervention can help improve outcomes for affected individuals. It is important to note that consuming alcohol in any amount is not safe during pregnancy and that avoiding alcohol during pregnancy is the best way to prevent FAS and other FASDs.